What causes varicose veins and what are the symptoms?

Varicose veins are a disease that affects every third person of our planet. Varicose veins can appear even in early adolescence, and after years can lead to more sever conditions.

[alert_box style=”info” close=”no” custom_class=””]What is varicosis? It is a disease that affects vessels and veins that carry blood back to the heart. The pathology is evident with vein walls stretching and getting thinner, vein clearance getting bigger in diameter and varices that start to develop.[/alert_box]

Varicose veins occur most often in the legs. Less often they appear on the arms, shoulders, head and neck.

Symptoms of the disease

Symptoms of varicosis can be different. Each person experiences it in their own way. Some feel pain, others do not have any symptoms at all.

Patients who are diagnosed with varicose veins mostly suffer from:

  1. Pain in the legs when walking. Leg pain refers to aching calf muscles;
  2. Quick leg fatigue. Legs fatigue very fast from any physical activity;
  3. Heaviness in legs while at rest. The feeling of heaviness in calf muscles occurs mostly while extending legs horizontally;
  4. Leg swelling (especially at evening time);
  5. Shin cramps over night;
  6. Skin color changes (the skin gets dry, dark spots appear on the legs);
  7. Veins appearing more visible (spider veins);
  8. Venous skin ulcers;
  9. Neurological disorders (itchy, burning legs, tingling in the legs, goosebumps);
  10. Complications (thrombophlebitis, dermatitis, eczema, thrombosis, trophic ulcers).

At a doctor’s visit all patients say that heaviness and swelling in the legs appear in the afternoon and get worse by night. Many people complain about pain in the legs depending on the season, a so called seasonal factor. Young and middle aged women can experience a bigger pain during or before menstruation.

All the symptoms and complaints listed above become more frequent regardless of gender or race.

What causes the development of vascular disease?

There are numerous causes and factors that affect disease development.
Varicose veins development is caused by:

• Vein walls loosing their elasticity and weak valves;
• High blood pressure in blood vessels;
• The lack of physical exercises for hip and shin muscles.

All these causes can emerge due to the following provoking factors:

  • Genetics (children inherit a particular vein wall structure from their parents).
  • Race, height and gender. Women, tall people and people with white skin are more likely to be affected by varicose veins.
  • Age. People over 30 are more likely to see a doctor for problems with veins and vessels.
  • Occupation. Individuals whose profession require prolonged standing during work (doctors, hairdressers, travellers) are more likely to have the disease. And vice versa, those who spend most of their time seated (students, office workers, programmers) appear to get varicose veins more often. People doing manual labor and physically demanding jobs are also a part of the risk group (loaders, sportsmen).
  • Uncontrolled hormone therapy.
  • Pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Diseases of pelvic organs.
  • Alcohol and tabacco abuse. Smoking and drinking alcohol destroy vein walls.
  • Wearing tight clothes, tight jeans, wearing high heels.
  • The lack of vitamins and minerals.

All these risk factors can lead to disease progress that sometimes can’t be prevented even with the help of modern medicine methods. That’s why it’s easier to exclude all factors and causes that can harm your body.

The objective signs of chronic venous disease can not be neglected. They are:

  1. Telangiectasia. Tiny red blood vessels that appear on the skin. Their diameter is 0.1-1 mm. Telangiectasia can be single or multiple, develop locally or be spread, have a different form, measurements, placing, color. They happen to bleed, and their color and size can say about their origin.
  2. Varicose veins. Ultrasonography of veins is to reveal any pathology.
  3. Constant swelling in the lower legs. Frequent swelling in the lower legs is the primary sign of lymph and venous systems disorder.
  4. Trophic ulcers. Lesions that occur on the skin and do not heal for a long time represent a sign of a vascular system disorder. Sores like these take long time to be treated.

Symptoms of varicose veins photo

Summing up it is important to note that most people who were diagnosed with varicose veins do not have any symptoms.

Many of them do not see any problems with their venous system and do not go to see a doctor. If you noticed the first symptoms, you should immediately take an appointment with a phlebologist or vascular surgeon.

Early diagnosis and full treatment can help you to get rid of varicosis once and for all.

Otherwise, varicosis at the advanced stage requires lifetime and expensive treatment.

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What causes varicose veins and what are the symptoms?