Thrombophlebitis (throm-boe-fluh-BY-tis) is an inflammatory process that causes a blood clot to form and block one or more veins, usually in your legs. The affected vein might be near the surface of your skin (superficial thrombophlebitis) or deep within a muscle (deep vein thrombosis, or DVT).
Blood clots can form in arteries or veins. When inflammation due to a blood clot occurs in a vein, it is called thrombophlebitis.
Thrombophlebitis photos – Pictures
Thrombophlebitis – Risk factors
- Inactivity due to recent injury, surgery, or prolonged sitting
- Pregnancy or recent childbirth
- Oral contraceptive use or estrogen therapy
- Stroke or other diseases that limit movement
- Family history of clotting disorders
- Central venous catheters (used for injection of medications or for dialysis)
Thrombophlebitis is caused by a blood clot. Inactivity, such as being bedridden after trauma or surgery, is a major cause of blood clots. You can develop a blood clot if you sit still for too long, such as during a plane ride or a car ride.
Superficial thrombophlebitis is inflammation of a vein just under the skin, usually in the leg. A small blood clot also commonly forms in the vein, but is usually not serious. The condition usually settles and goes within 2-6 weeks. Treatments can ease pain or discomfort.